β

1.    ٻ۳ ۳ ݳ (National Defense Council Foundation) ѻݳϳ ͳݳϳ ϻ ѳ, û 鳽ٳϳ ѳϳٳݻ ٻ ݻ ϳ 35 , 2000 . 68- , 2001-ݪ 59. - ﻰ The National Defense Council Foundation, World Conflict List, 2000, 2001, http://www.ndcf.org. . Carolyn Skorneck, Study: Number of Conflicts Declines, Associated Press December 23, 2001, 6:43 PM ET. ݳ 糽 ˳ճճ ˳ճճ Ż ٳٳ. ϳ 1995 . 26- ز- ݳ ˳ ճ . - ѳ ˳ճճ۳ (ز-) 񳵳 600 ɳ , 3.6 dz ɳ ػ ϳ ݻ 5000 , ٪ 60.000 (US News & World Report, June 26, 1995, p. 44)

2.    ݹݻ , ߳ ѻݳݻ ϳ , 20- ݹѳ ݻ, ٻݳ, ݻ ٳ , ﻰ William Safire, Against Internal Agression (Essay), New York Times, 25 March 1999. ز- ˳ ճ ݳ , س ݻ ݹݻ ѻ ˳. ų ۳ ٻ ٳϳ ݻ ߳ ϳ , ˳ (Human rights issues push sovereignty to the edge: When you have a cruel and painful situation, the suffering of these people is so much more important than sovereignty.). - Justin Brown, NATO sets precedent in deciding to violate a border, The Christian Science Monitor, March 25, 1999

3.    ϳ۳ ݳݻ ϳ ߻ ѳٳ˳ѳ ѳ񳵻ϳ ˳۳ ӷ - ѻ۳ ѳ٩ ) ӻϳɻ ճ ѳ ٳٻϳ ͳѻճϳݻ, ѳϳ ز- ٳ ݻ ϳݻ ϳ dzѳ ϻ, ų 鳽ٳݻ ϳ׳, 1949 . ݨ dzݻ ߳ ݳ˳, ϻ ۳ݻ (unlawful combatants). - ﻰ Third Group of Prisoners Arrives in Guantanamo, World-Reuters News, January 17, 2002 12:05 AM ET; Mike Peacock, Britain Wants U.S. to Explain Guantanamo Bay Photos, World-Reuters News, January 20, 2002 10:17 AM ET. Christopher Wilson and Sayed Salahuddin, U.S. Holds Firm: Afghanistan Captives Are Not POWs, World-Reuters News, January 27, 2002 7:50 PM ET. ) - ѳݹ ϳ 糽 ѳݻ (International Criminal Court) ٳ, ϳݳ, 鳽ٳϳ ݻ ٳ 糽 ۳ ݻݩ - ﻰ Courting disfavour, The Economist, Apr 12th 2002. ѳ - ϳ ݷ ٻݳ ݳݻݪ ػ dz, ٳdz, dz (ﻰ Edith M. Lederer, War Crimes Court Officially Begins, Associated Press News, Mon July 1, 2002 7:12 AM ET; Irwin Arieff, US Kills UN Bosnia Mission, Then Grants Reprieve, World-Reuters News, Mon July 1, 2002 12:27 AM ET) Evelyn Leopold, Bitter Fight with U.S. Leads to Compromises on Court, World-Reuters News, Sat July 13,2002 2:45 AM ET.

4.    , 1958 . 糽 ó ݳ (ز) dz ϳݳ 20 , ݻ ϳ ۳ ͳ ׷ݳų ͳ ݳǦ ٵϳ . - Tinkering With Turkey (Editorial), The Wall Street Journal, January 16, 2002 ݳ ( ϻ ˳ ٻݳѳ ݻ ٻ ) ݳ˳ ϳ ׷ݳų ٻͳ ٳݳ ϳݻ ˳ ѹ۳ٵ ۹ ٳ ճ ѳ ۳ ᵻ۳ ݳ ݻ, гٳ˳ѳ ݳ ˳ 볷 ύ Ƿ, ݻ ɳ ᵳ ݳϳ ѳٳϳ ۹ 糽 ó ݳ ϳ۳ (ﻰ Economist: IMF Made 'Fatal' Mistakes in Argentina, World-Reuters News, January 17, 2002 5:31 AM ET). ϳ۳ٵ 鳹ϳ ѳݻ ݳ˳ ǹ γ, ѳ ݻ 糽 ó ݳ (ﻰ Jason Webb, "Developing Countries to Fight 'Economic Apartheid',"op.cit.), ݹ, dzϳ ϳճ ٳݳ - ٳ [۳ ᵳ] ٳ, ѻ ϳݷݳ [ ݻ] ᵳ ϳǽ ۹ ׳ 糽 ó ݳ (ﻰ Pascal Fletcher, "Castro Says Cuba Lives Free of IMF 'Executioner'," World-Reuters News, January 29, 2000 1:02 PM ET) ۳ ݻ, ݳ ۳ ݳϳ ۳ݦ ݳ ˳ݻ ͳݳ ѻ勉ݻ (ٳݳ Ƿݻ ɳݻ ۳ ѳٳ) ٳٳ ݳ ѻ۳ ٻݳ۳ ٻ Janine R. Wedel, Collision and Collusion: The Strange Case of Western Aid to Eastern Europe, New York, N.Y.: Palgrave, 2001.

5.     Michael Watts, "Poverty and the Politics of Alternatives at the End of the Millennium," in Global Futures: Shaping Globalization, ed. by Jan Nederveen Pieterse, London-New York: Zed Books, 2000, p. 137); Timothy J. Yeager, Institutions, Transition Economies, and Economic Development (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1997), p. 3; "U.N. Says Extreme Poverty Plagues Third of Planet," World-Reuters News, September 19, 2000 6:27 PM ET.

6.    Alastair Macdonald, End 'Global Apartheid' Call Heralds Earth Summit, World-Reuters News, Sun Aug 25, 2002 9:13 PM ET.

7.    Kevin Watkins, Eight Broken Promises: Why the WTO Isnt Working For the Worlds Poor. (Oxford: Oxfam Briefing Paper No. 9, 2001).

8.    Matt Daily, Earth Summit Talks Roll On, No Deal in Sight, World-Reuters News, August 26, 2002 11:09 PM ET. , в- ݳ˳ ݻ ѳٳ˳ѳ ϳǽ ó, ݳ˳ ǹ γ (ﻰ Jason Webb, "Developing Countries to Fight 'Economic Apartheid'," World-Reuters News, April 15, 2000 12:13 AM ET)

9.    ٻݳó ݳ γݳ ij ۻ , 2001 é ٵ 11- 񳹳ݻ ϳ ۳ݦ ѻ (David Ljunggren, Canada PM Links Sept. 11 to 'Arrogant' West, Reuters-News Thu Sep 12, 2002 1:36 PM ET; Canada PM Again Ties Sept. 11 to Western Policies, Reuters-News Mon Sep 16, 2002 4:18 PM ET ۹ ݳݻ, ػ dz ݳݻ ݳ˳ ѳݹ ϳ ݳ˳ ݳ˳ӻ۳ٵ, ѳ ݻ ϳ 50 dz ɳ ѳϳݻ ݻݪ 2015 . ᵳ ݻ (ﻰ Stephen Cunningham, UK's Brown Calls for 21st Century Marshall Plan, Reuters World News, December 16, 2001 7:16 PM ET) ѳݹ ϳ ݳ ز- ˳ ճ ݳ (ﻰ Evelyn Leopold, UN's Annan Warns Not to Punish Poor for Being Poor, Reuters World News, Feb 5, 2002 12:08 AM ET) ۳ ѳóѳٳ ѳ 2002 é ٳ ػϳ û ճ ϳ 糽 , ݹݳ û ݹdz ݻ dz ɳݻ ɳݻ ݻ (Julie Watson, World Leaders Vow to Relieve Poverty, Associated Press March 23, 2002 6:03 AM ET).

10.    Thomas L. Friedman, The End of NATO? The New York Times, February 3, 2002; Colleen Barry, NATO Chief Warns of Military Gap, World News-Associated Press, February 3, 2002 8:20 AM ET. ܲ-ϳ ݳݻ - ѻ ݳ ߳ ѳ 1999 ., ﻰ

11.    ۳ݻ յ International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2000/2001 (Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 297-302. յ, ϳ, ϳ 鳽ٳϳ ѳ ݹٻ 5 dz ɳ, ﻰ Fred Weir, "Russia's disarmament gambit," The Christian Science Monitor, November 15, 2000.

12.    Paul Ames, EU Sees Need to Boost Military, Associated Press, Fri Mar 22, 5:41 PM ET.

13.    ǽ , ٻϳ ׳ ݻ ۳ٵ ˳ - ϻݻ ǵ 鳽ٳϳ , ϳ, ϳ۳ϳ ϳ۳ (ﻰ, ݳ, dz ٳ Ż ݳ ٳݳ ݻ . ܳ ѳݳ ѳݷ Reinventing War, Foreign Policy November-December 2001, p. 43)

14.    ѳٳ˳ѳ ˳۳ 鳽ٳϳ, ٳϳ, ߳ó ϳݻ - ݷݻ ݻϳ۳ Ƿݨ Żݪ Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives (New York: BasicBooks, 1997), Chapter 1, "Hegemony of a New Type," pp. 3-29.

15.    鳽ٳϳ ߳ ݳݫ ݻ 鳽ݻ ݹѳ ٻ ó ѻճ˳ϳ ݻ ϳ۳ݫ 21- ٻϳ ˳۳ ǫ 20- -- ﻰ George Friedman and Meredith Friedman, The Future of War: Power, Technology, and American World Dominance in the 21st Century (New York: Crown Publishers, 1996).

16.    ˳ ϳݻ ϳ ѳ ݳ ﻷdzǦ , dz ճϳ ۳ ϳٳ ݻ.- ﻰ A. Papathanasis and Chris Vasilllopulos, Functional Integration and the Middle East, Journal of Political and Military Sociology, Vol. 20, No. 2 Winter 1992, pp. 179-197.

17.    Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives (New York: BasicBooks, 1997), p. 25.


 

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